WHO Laboratory Manual for the Examination and Processing of Human Semen
World Health Organization
This new edition comprises three parts: semen analysis, sperm preparation and quality assurance. The text includes descriptions of how to construct a conventional semen profile and provides standardized protocols for performing several optional diagnostic procedures. Such techniques are essential in the evaluation of infertile couples and in assessing fertility in men whose sperm production is suppressed by potential anti-fertility compounds or by toxic agents: they are also of interest in forensic medicine and in connection with artificial insemination.
The fifth edition includes new information on sperm preparation for clinical use or specialized assays and on cyropreservation, an expanded section on quality control in the semen analysis laboratory and evidence-based reference ranges and reference limits for various semen characteristics. The methods described are intended to improve the quality of semen analysis and the comparability of results from different laboratories.